Posts Tagged ‘training’

MSHA Part 46 and Part 48 Certification Classes

Thursday, August 22nd, 2013

Safety Training Resources is now offering MSHA Part 46 and Part 48 classes. These classes meet the training requirements set forth by MSHA using approved training plans and are conducted by Jeff Viehmann, a certified MSHA instructor.

Dates for the classes are: September 24-27, 2013 and October 29 – November 1, 2013. Classes will be held in Old Monroe, Missouri, located west of St. Charles County off Interstate 70 and Highway 79.

Class size is limited and the cost per person per day is $125.00. For more details and to download a Course Registration Form, go to or call 314-808-3502.

Safety Training Resources Shares Tips for Managing Safety in Machine Operation Areas

Tuesday, May 10th, 2011

Machine operation areas differ from workplace to workplace. Production areas in manufacturing plants expose workers to a wide variety of potential hazards. During an OSHA inspection, violations can range from machine guarding to electrical hazards. Safety in machine operation areas is an ever-changing challenge that requires continuous management.

Design for Safety

Machine operation areas should be designed for safety. For example:

  • Machines should be equipped with all the necessary safeguards.
  • The area should be well lit so workers can see what they’re doing and where they’re going.
  • There should be adequate space between machines and materials and finished products.
  • Walkways should be clearly marked with yellow lines to separate them from machine work areas.
  • Floors should be made of, or coated with, a nonslip material.
  • There should be a good general ventilation system and a local exhaust system for any processes that produce dusts, mists, fumes, or vapors.

Insist on a Clean Work Area

A well-maintained, orderly production area is another essential. Look around the machine operation areas in your facility. What do you see?

  • Are floors wet, dirty, or cluttered with tripping hazards?
  • Are tools, materials, and other items left lying around when they ought to be put away after use?
  • Is there trash and debris everywhere?
  • Are carts or pallet jacks with materials or finished products blocking walkways?

 If you don’t see reasonably neat, clean work areas, you might be looking at an accident waiting to happen.

Maintain Proper Storage

Along with good housekeeping comes proper storage of raw materials and finished products.

Make sure employees do:

  • Stack materials to be processed on a secure base.
  • Place heavy objects on the bottom of the stack.
  • Use ladders to reach stored items overhead.
  • Wear gloves when handling materials to avoid cuts and scrapes.
  • Secure stored items so that they can’t topple over on someone’s head or fall to the ground and get damaged.

 Make sure employees don’t:

  • Store items too close to machinery.
  • Stack items so high that they could topple over or block fire sprinkler heads.
  • Pile materials too close to sources of heat or electricity.
  • Store items so that they block or stick out into walkways.
  • Lift incorrectly or try to lift and carry objects that are too heavy to handle alone.

Emphasize Safeguards and Lockout

Machine guarding violations generally hit OSHA’s Top 10 list every year. To avoid citations and keep workers safe, make sure machine operators understand the reason for, and operation of, machine guards and safety devices. No machine should ever be operated without properly functioning safeguards.

An effective lockout/tagout program is another essential safety component for machine operation areas. Employees authorized to repair and maintain machinery should be specially trained and certified in lockout/tagout procedures.

But you can’t stop there. All employees who work in machine operation areas should receive lockout/tagout training to be sure they understand the procedure, OSHA requirements, and your rules—even if they don’t actually perform lockout/tagout.

Fires and Medical Emergencies

Fires are an ever-present danger in machine operation areas. Avoid fires by considering all potential fire hazards and the precautions necessary to prevent ignition.

Also, just in case you fail to anticipate every possible risk, make sure to have fire extinguishers on hand that can contain the classes of fires common to machine operation areas. For example:

Class A—Combustibles (paper, cardboard, wood)
Class B—Flammable liquids (solvents, oil, etc.)
Class C—Electrical fires

Multipurpose extinguishers may also be an appropriate choice for machine operation areas.

OSHA has strict requirements for the use and placement of portable fire extinguishers (see 29 CFR 1910.157).

First aid kits should also be available, and employees should know how to report accidents and medical emergencies.

The machines in your workplace are hard workers. But they’re only machines. They can only do the grunt work. They can’t think. It’s your human workers who have to do the thinking in order to prevent machine accidents.

To be sure your workers are thinking straight and fully in command when they operate machinery, they must be properly trained.

Training for machine operators should include at a minimum:

  • Machine hazards
  • Machine operation, including safeguards and emergency stops
  • Lockout/tagout procedures and rules
  • PPE
  • Machine area housekeeping and storage rules
  • Slips, trips, and falls
  • Maintenance schedules and authorizations
  • Procedures for reporting malfunctions and handling repairs
  • Emergency response, including fires and first aid


PPE for machine operators usually includes:

  • Eye and face protection (safety glasses with side shields or goggles as well as a face shield when there’s a risk of flying particles)
  • Hearing protection when noise levels exceed regulatory limits
  • Head protection if there is a risk of materials or other objects falling from above
  • Foot protection to keep feet and toes safe from falling materials or machine movement

 Gloves should be worn to protect hands when handling materials, but machine operators must understand that gloves should not generally be worn when operating machinery. Gloves can interfere with precise grip or get caught at pinch points or at the point of operation, which can cause crushed fingers or amputations.

Safety Training Resources Offers Missouri Residential Contractors Training and Guidance On OSHA’s New Fall Protection Standard

Thursday, April 14th, 2011

Falls are the leading cause of work-related deaths among residential construction workers.

Safety Training Resources is helping Missouri contractors prepare for OSHA’s June 16th deadline for implementing the new fall protection standard.  Safety Training Resources is providing training and guidance to better protect workers from the hazards of working at heights.  

On December 16, 2010, OSHA issued STD 03-11-002, Compliance Guidance for Residential Construction, which rescinds STD 03-00-001, Interim Fall Protection Compliance Guidelines for Residential Construction, and provides that OSHA will be enforcing 29 CFR 1926.501(b)(13) for all residential construction work.  Under 29 CFR 1926.501(b)(13), workers engaged in residential construction six (6) feet or more above lower levels must be protected by conventional fall protection (in other words, guardrail systems, safety net systems, or personal fall arrest systems) or other fall protection measures allowed elsewhere in 1926.501(b). (Although the standard does not mention personal fall restraint systems, OSHA will accept a properly utilized fall restraint system in lieu of a personal fall arrest system when the restraint system is rigged in such a way that the worker cannot get to the fall hazard.) If an employer can demonstrate that the fall protection required under 1926.501(b)(13) is infeasible or presents a greater hazard, it must instead implement a written fall protection plan meeting the requirements of 1926.502(k).

Numerous methods can be used to prevent fall-related injuries and fatalities.  The following examples of fall protection represent options for residential contruction workers.  These various methods may be able to prevent fall-related injuries and fatalities throughout various stages in the residential construction process.

Installing Roof Trusses

  • Bracket Scaffolds
  • Ladders 

Installing Ridge Poles and Rafters

  • Anchors

Installing Roof Sheathing

  • Safety Net System
  • Bracket Scaffold
  • Anchors

Roofing – Weatherproofing 

  • Bracket Scaffolds

Foundation Walls and Formwork

  • Anchors
  • Scaffolds

Installing Floor Joists and Floor Trusses

  • Anchors
  • Scaffolds

Installing Subfloors

  • Anchors
  • Guardrails

Installing Walls

  • Aerial Lifts
  • Ladders
  • Scaffolds

Interior Finishing

  • Guardrails

Safety Training Resources Claims That Near Misses Are “Accidents Waiting to Happen”

Tuesday, April 12th, 2011

Investigating Near Misses

A near miss is sometimes defined as an unplanned event that did not result in injury, illness or damage, but had the potential to do so. Only a fortunate break in the chain of events prevented an injury, fatality or damage. It’s easy to shrug off a near miss and not report it or make a big deal out of it, but in reality, it should immediately send up a warning flag that something was wrong, unplanned or unexpected. What’s more, it could happen again.

For every near miss or accident, there are usually several contributing factors, most of which can be controlled. The best way to prevent the reoccurrence of an accident is by looking at those close calls. If you investigate the causes of a near miss, you can take steps to eliminate the hazard.

All close calls or near-miss incidents should be reported to your supervisor so solutions can be sought to prevent an accident or injury from occurring. Solutions may involve engineering controls, administrative controls, additional training or increased communication between management and workers.

Finally, a near miss is a cheaper learning tool than learning from an actual injury or property loss accident. In fact, it represents almost zero cost.

So remember – the next time you barely avoid an accident, don’t simply pass it off as a lucky break. Examine what happened and how that same close call can be prevented from endangering you or someone else in the future.

Safety Training Resources Trains Respiratory Protection

Friday, April 8th, 2011

OSHA‘s general industry respiratory protection standard (29 CFR 1910.134) applies to virtually any situation that requires respirator use in any industry except agriculture. The standard requires:

  • A written respiratory protection plan with worksite-specific procedures
  • Appropriate respirators, certified by NIOSH and matched to the identified respiratory hazards in that workplace, provided at no cost to the employee
  • Medical evaluation of each employee before being assigned to wear a respirator
  • Respirator fit testing for each employee assigned to wear a respirator with a negative- or positive-pressure tight-fitting face piece
  • Training for employees on why and how to select, use, fit, maintain, and store respirators
  • Periodic evaluation of the respiratory protection program to be sure it is adequately protecting employees

The standard for general respiratory protection in construction industry (29 CFR 1926.103) adopts the general industry rule by reference. But note that there are additional construction-related respiratory protection requirements for certain air contaminants, such as asbestos, cadmium, hexavalent chromium (chromium VI), methylenedianiline, and lead.

Respiratory Protection Plan

Safety Training Resources will ensure your respiratory protection program will:

  • Provide respirators to all employees who need protection in the workplace.
  • All respirators used are appropriate for the individual hazards to which an employee is exposed.
  • Train in the use of the respiratory equipment is provided.
  • Each employee understands how to use and uses the applicable respiratory protection.
  • Medical evaluations of employees required to use respirators are conducted.
  • Proper qualitative and quantitative fit-testing procedures are used.
  • Respirators are cleaned, inspected, and disinfected in the proper manner. (If respiratory equipment is shared by more than one employee, the equipment is disinfected before each use.)
  • Respiratory equipment complies with the requirements of NIOSH (42 CFR Part 84) and the “ANSI/Compressed Gas Association Commodity Specification for Air, G-7.1-1989″ for compressed breathing air.

Safety Training Resources will act as your program administrator.  

Cartridge/Canister Change Schedules

If there is no end-of-service life indicator (ESLI) appropriate for conditions in the your workplace, you must implement a change schedule for canisters and cartridges, based on objective information or data that will ensure canisters and cartridges are changed before the end of their service life.

You must describe in your respiratory protection program:

  • The information and data relied on
  • The basis for the canister and cartridge change schedule
  • The basis for reliance on the data


According to OSHA’s respiratory protection medical evaluation requirements (29 CFR 1910.134[e] and Appendix C), you must provide a medical evaluation to determine each employee’s ability to use a respirator before the employee is fit tested or required to use the respirator in the workplace.

A physician or other licensed healthcare provider either has to administer OSHA’s Respirator Medical Evaluation Questionnaire (provided at 29 CFR 1910.134, Appendix C) or give the employee an exam that covers the same material in the questionnaire.

The medical evaluation is not a full physical. Rather it covers only health issues that could affect the employee’s ability to work safely while wearing a respirator.

The evaluation is designed to identify:

  • Asthma, pneumonia, silicosis, chronic bronchitis, or other present or past lung or pulmonary problems
  • Shortness of breath, coughing, wheezing, chest pain, or other possible current symptoms of lung problems
  • Heart attack, high blood pressure, angina, or other present or past heart or cardiovascular problems
  • Chest pain or tightness or other current or past heart problems or symptoms
  • Claustrophobia
  • Trouble smelling odors
  • Current or recent tobacco smoking
  • Current or recent medication for breathing, lung, heart, blood pressure, or seizures
  • Past problems using a respirator

 Written Recommendation

You have to get a written recommendation regarding the employee’s ability to use the respirator from the healthcare provider. The recommendation must provide the following information:

  • Any limitations on respirator use related to the medical condition of the employee, or relating to the workplace conditions in which the respirator will be used, including whether or not the employee is medically able to use the respirator
  • The need, if any, for follow-up medical evaluations
  • A statement that the healthcare provider has given the employee a copy of the written recommendation

 Follow-up Evaluations

Follow-up evaluations must be conducted if the employee, employee’s supervisor, healthcare provider, or the respiratory protection program administrator detect any problems that could indicate a need for reevaluation.

Employees may also be reevaluated if changes in physical work effort, temperature, or other working conditions could substantially increase the physical burden to an employee while wearing a respirator.

Safety Training Resources is qualified to conduct the appropriate training, to administer or oversee the respiratory protection program and conduct the required evaluations of program effectiveness.

Act Now!

Safety Training Resources Conducts “Pre and Post” Training Analysis

Saturday, March 19th, 2011
Analyzing your training program is important both at the development stage and at the follow-up stage. For training to be effective in helping employees work more safely and avoid incidents and injuries, you need to analyze your training from the start to ensure that it is appropriate—to the hazards and to the workforce. To test whether your training has been effective, Safety Training Resources emphasizes the importance of conducting informative post-training analysis.


If you’re involved in developing the training program in your workplace, make sure your training is appropriate. Training should:

  • Be specific to the hazards of individual job assignments.
  • Clearly inform employees what conditions are infractions of departmental safety rules.
  • Give supervised work experience before allowing employees to perform hazardous operations on their own.

One of the most important decisions trainers make is how the content will be delivered. Here are some options:

  • On-the-job learning and one-on-one discussions with employees are often most effective when combined with on-the-job skills training.
  • Safety meetings can be a good setting for training when group cooperation is required—for example, during training on how to organize in an emergency.
  • Role-playing and using case histories are useful in group settings and are more effective with some audiences (for example, a more verbal group) than with others.
  • Lectures are considered to be the least effective means of training. Involving employees can help make the lectures more meaningful.
  • Demonstrations work best when they are interactive and encourage audience participation.
  • Audiovisual presentations and computer-based programs are an effective choice for refresher training or when live demonstrations are too costly or hazardous.
  • Printed materials are best used as a supplement when individuals already have a good grasp of the subject material but need additional information to fill the gaps.

A successful training program is a work in progress, and the cycle isn’t complete until you’ve evaluated the effectiveness of the training. Consider these steps for assessing how well you have done.

  • Ask trainees what they think. Probably your best source of information about the effectiveness of the session is the trainees themselves. Make anonymous evaluation forms available immediately following the session.
  • Ask participants to rate the session on a scale of 1 to 5. For any response below 5, ask for an explanation of what it would take to bring it up.
  • Make your own observations during the session. Think about the degree of participation, number of questions, and overall enthusiasm.
  • Use pre- and post-tests. Simple true/false pre- and post-tests can be an effective way to determine what participants knew before and after the presentation. If practical, ask trainees to explain principles, procedures, or rules they’ve learned. Have them demonstrate skills presented to give you an idea of skill gaps you need to fill before ending the session.
  • Check to see if training is being used. Keep an eye out for employee behavior. How well are workers incorporating the safety principles, skills, and knowledge into their jobs? Continue observations for several months after the training.
  • Evaluate the impact of training on overall safety performance. Is your workplace safer as a result of training efforts? Is your organization’s compliance program better as a result? Have the numbers of accidents and near misses, as well as related costs, gone down?